Ronda City Walls & Gates Map, description & photographs, Built by the Arabs, Andalusia.

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Ronda City Walls & Gates Map

This Ronda City Walls & Gates Map shows the Cities gates & ancient defence walls, popular attractions, places of interest & transport locations. Click the name in the right column to highlight the location on the map.

 

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Ronda City Walls & Gates, Citadel (Alcazaba) Walls description & photographs.

Almocabar Gate | Almocabar Walls | Charles V Gate |

Albacara Walls | Mill Gate | Wind Gate |

Levante Walls |  Cijara Gate | Alcazaba Walls | Laurel Castle

Philipe V Arch | Holy Spirt church 

 

The City walls and castle of Ronda as built by the Moors and the location with steep shear cliffs  on 2 sides and steep hillside on the other 2 were so strong that they were unbeatable by warfare methods of the age, i.e. bows & arrows and various stone hurling machines.

For years Christian armies had by passed Ronda Knowing that the defensives were too strong.

 

The introduction of the use of cannon, first used in Europe in, funnily enough used in Spain in the siege of Cordoba only a few years before the siege of Ronda changed the situation.

By miss information the Christian Army had drawn away most of the Moors army to defend Malaga.

Besides bombarding the defensives with canon fire, destroying the octagonal tower in the process, the Christians had also found out about the 'secret' Mine water entrance in the gorge which they attacked and finally captured and thus cut off the Moors from there water supply. Within a few days the Moors had to surrender.

Almocabar Gate and Almocabar Walls Ronda

Almocabar Walls Ronda


 

 

The Almocabar Gate and City Walls in front of The Church of the Holy Spirit
The Almocabar Gate and City Walls in front of The Church of the Holy Spirit

 

The Almocabar Walls are located on the southern side of Ronda and and well preserved and you can walk along the walls.

was the main gate leading to the coast. Therefore this is usually the first close up site of Ronda that Tourists from the Costa del Sol see.

Just inside the gate is a small plaza with a bar, cafe & a souvenir shop.

There are 2 roads out of the square:

  • Turn right and you can follow the walls along to the rear of the Espiritu Santo Church
  • Straight forward and in the narrow road, Calle Espiritu Santo, at number 37 is the Official Tourist Information office and beyond a plaza in front of the Espiritu Santo Church

    Just beyond the plaza and the road to the left is a split in the road
    • on the left leading uphill the road/path with bollards preventing cars leads to the town centre
    • on the right the road peters out into a footpath taking you outside the city walls. There are various footpaths outside the walls or lower down is a minor road running parallel to the walls and next to this road are the ruins of the outer defensive walls.

 

 

Puerta Almocabar looking into a small plaza inside the walls
Puerta Almocabar looking into a small plaza inside the walls
. Photo by Tourism of Ronda

Almocabar Gate Ronda


 

 

 The Almocabar gate and Almocabar walls take there name from the Moorish word ‘Al maqabir’ meaning cemetery. By tradition Moorish cemeteries were built outside the city walls and the one at Ronda was located opposite the gate in what is now the Plaza Ruedo Alameda.

 

 

 

The Charles V Gate is on the extreme left

Charles V Gate


 

 

The Charles V Gate was built by Charles V in the 16th century in a renaissance style. Above the arch is a crest containing the Spanish empire eagle on it.

Photo on left: The Charles V Gate is on the extreme left and a group of tourists with tour guide are outside the Almocabar Gate.

Albacara Walls (Murallas de Albacara)

The walls of the Albacara sloping down from just left of centre to lower left
The walls of the Albacara sloping down from just left of centre to lower left.
Ronda's New Bridge in can be seen mid left
Ronda's New Town is behind the bridge & Ronda's Old Town is on the right

. Photo by Michal Osmenda

 

Path into the area near the Albacara Walls

Path into the area near the Albacara Walls in the mouth of Ronda Gorge from the gorge top.
. Photo by Andy Cardiff

The wall is located in the mouth of the gorge roughly half way up the gorge. The wall ends with a shear drop to the gorge bottom and protects a slop that leads right up to the gorge top lip.

There is a footpath up to the Plaza de Maria Auxiliadora in the old towns.

 

The word 'Albacara' comes from the Arabic word 'bab al baqqara' meaning the cattle door.

 

The walls protected several important features to Ronda

  • An area into which cattle could be driven if the town suspected an attack.
  • Several very important flour & oil mills were located in the mouth of the gorge behind the wall.
  • An outer defence where the hill side was not as steep.
  • Restricted entry into the gorge the location of the towns water supply.  See the Water mine

 

 

Mill Gate (Puerta de los Molinos)


 

 

Gate of the Mills (Puerta Molinos)

Gate of the Mills (Puerta Molinos)
. Photo by Tourism of Ronda

The Mill gate was near the end of the Albacara Wall next to the gorge edge. It was used for access to the mills further into the gorge mouth.

 

After the reconquest by the Christians the gate was renamed the Arch of Christ (Arco Cristo) because the Christians built a small shrine into the stonework

 

 

Wind Gate (Puerta del Viento)


Located at the other end of the Albacara Wall built onto a very tall vertical gherkin shaped rock that forms a natural wall.

Levante Walls (Murallas de Levante)

The Levante Walls are located to the East of the Old Town of Ronda (La Ciudad).  The Eastern side was a more vulnerable side of the city because the natural defences of high steep cliffs were not present, instead there was a slope in places right up to the walls on the summit, in others up to a small cliff face.

Therefore there was a double line of walls & in places a triple line.

The lines of wall were located:

  • Main Wall On top of the hillside rise or hillside rise & short rock cliff face.
  • Outer Wall by the side of the road near the valley bottom. This wall runs parallel to the Main Wall. and for quite a length the paved road runs along the top of the wall. To really view this wall it is necessary to take a foot path or side road into the valley bottom fields. The best section is at the end near to the Arab baths
  • The third wall is by the  Cijara Gate (Puerta de la Cijara) and just to the south of the gate an area know as the Carmen Walls (Murallas del Carmen) where there is an enclosed plaza that is sometimes used for events.

 

Murallas Arabes Levante

Murallas Arabes Levante
. Photo by Tourism of Ronda
East Wall Levante Ronda

East Wall Levante Ronda
Ronda Wall Tower East Wall

Ronda Wall Tower East Wall
. Photo by stressbone
Murallas Arabes Tower

Murallas Arabes Tower
. Photo by Tourism of Ronda

 

Cijara Gate (Puerta de la Cijara)


 

 

Puerta de la Cijara Ronda

Puerta de la Cijara Ronda
. Photo by Tourism of Ronda

The Cijara Gate was located in the Levante Walls and a main entrance into the city. The current short outer wall just before the gate probably extended to other gate(s) no longer visible by the Roman Bridge.

This gate led into the Jewish Quarter.

In the valley bottom below the Cijara Gate is the Arab baths where visitors to Ronda would refresh themselves before entering the city.

Only available on foot

 

 

Alcazaba Walls of the Laurel Castle (Castillo del Laurel)

The Impressive Alcazaba Walls

The Impressive Alcazaba Walls

Ronda's Castle, the 'Castillo del Laurel' was built by the Moors on the highest point of Ronda and overlooks, and controls the entrance to the city via the Almocabar Gate and Imágenes Gate no longer in existence.

Although partly destroyed by the French in the Peninsular War of 1812 and more so by the Spanish in there road improvement scheme  to widen the street 'Calle Imágenes' and the erection of new buildings.

 

 

Philipe V Arch

Gate Ronda Spain

Gate Ronda Spain
Philipe V Arch
. Photo by rosemarydukelow

The Arch of Philipe V was erected in 1742.

 

The arch replaced a narrow defensive gate built by the Moors in a road improvement scheme and is purely decorative and not defensive.

This was required after after the collapse of the first New Bridge to deal with the traffic from the North

On the arch you will find an inscription and the coats of arms of both the Anjou & Borbons.

There is a nice view of the Padre Jesus Church through the arch.

The Church of the Holy Spirt ( Iglesia del Espiritu Santo)

Church of the Holy Spirt

Church of the Holy Spirt in the location of a previous Moorish defensive tower

The Holy Spirt church was built as a celebration of the Christian victory over the Moors in 1485. The church is built in the location of an octagonal defensive tower built by the moors and it had commanding views of the Almocabar Gate, Almocabar Walls and the approaches to Ronda from the Costa del Sol.

The tower was  totally destroyed by the cannon fire of the besieging Christian Army.